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How Do Fans And Blowers Differ From One Another?

How Do Fans And Blowers Differ From One Another?

Since chillers and boilers alone cannot provide the necessary heating or cooling, HVAC systems rely on ventilation equipment to provide space heating and air conditioning. Additionally, ventilation systems make sure that indoor rooms always have access to fresh air. Either a fan or a blower is utilized, depending on the pressure and airflow needs of each application.

It is crucial to comprehend the differences between fans and blowers before talking about the primary varieties of each. The ratio between discharge pressure and suction pressure is the basis for the definition of fans and blowers.

  • Fan: Up to 1.11 pressure ratio
  • Blower: 1.11 to 1.2 pressure ratio
  • Pressure ratio in the compressor exceeds 1.2

In order for air to pass through obstacles like ducts and dampers, blowers and fans are required. There are numerous sorts that are each appropriate for particular uses. Making the right choice can improve HVAC performance, whilst making the wrong choice results in energy waste.

Variety Of Fans

Based on the method they use to create airflow, fans can be categorized as centrifugal or axial. Each category has a number of subcategories, and selecting the right fan for the job is essential for a high-performance HVAC installation.

The main categories of CENTRIFUGAL fans are shown below: radial, forward-curved, backward-curved, and airfoil type.

How Do Fans And Blowers Differ From One Another?


-Medium flow and high pressure
-It is appropriate for industrial application because it tolerates heat, moisture, and dust.
-As airflow increases, power consumption also rises dramatically.

Forward Curved

-Medium flow and high pressure
-Perfect for HVAC systems with low pressure, including packaged rooftop units
-Tolerates dust but is not appropriate for demanding industrial environments
-As airflow increases, power consumption also rises dramatically.

Backward Curved

-High flow and pressure
-Does not notice a significant pressure increase with airflow
-Forced draft systems, industrial applications, and HVAC


-High flow and pressure
-Made for situations requiring clean air

AXIAL flow fans, on the other hand, are divided into three categories: vane, tube, and propeller.

How Do Fans And Blowers Differ From One Another?


-High flow and low pressure, low efficiency
-Perfect for temps in the middle
-If static pressure rises, airflow is significantly reduced.
-Common uses include cooling towers, outdoor condensers, and exhaust fans.

Tube Axial

-Medium flow and high pressure
-Fan blades have a narrow clearance and a cylindrical housing to improve airflow.
-Used in drying, exhaust, and HVAC applications

Vane Axial

-Great pressure, moderate flow, and high effectiveness
-Having a structure that is similar to that of tube axial fans and incorporating guiding vanes at the intake to increase efficiency.
HVAC and exhaust systems are frequent applications, particularly when high pressure is needed.

There is a fan to suit practically any application with such a large selection. Variety also increases the likelihood of choosing the incorrect fan without the right advice, though. The greatest advice is to have a professional design that fits the requirements of your project rather than making “rule of thumb” judgments.

Various Blower Types

Blowers, which fall between a fan and a compressor in terms of operation, have a pressure ratio of 1.11 to 1.2. They are efficient in industrial vacuum applications that call for negative pressurization and can generate much higher pressures than fans. Centrifugal and positive displacement are the two basic divisions of blowers.

Centrifugal pumps and blowers have several physical characteristics. To reach speeds well above 10,000 rpm, they typically have a gear system. The single-stage design of centrifugal blowers delivers a higher efficiency, whilst the multi-stage design offers a wider airflow range at constant pressure. Centrifugal blowers can be single-stage or multi-stage in construction.

How Do Fans And Blowers Differ From One Another?

Centrifugal blowers are used in HVAC, just as fans. However, they are also employed in cleaning equipment and automotive applications because of their better pressure output. Their principal drawback is that they are unsuitable for applications where there is a significant probability of clogging since airflow quickly drops when an obstruction increases pressure.

The rotor shape of positive-displacement blowers is created to trap air pockets and direct flow in the desired direction under high pressure. Despite rotating at a slower rate than centrifugal blowers, they can generate adequate pressure to clear the system of obstructions. Positive-displacement blowers are frequently powered by belts rather than gears, which is another significant distinction from centrifugal options.


The pressure and airflow needs of each application, as well as site-specific factors like dust and temperature, are typically taken into account when choosing the right fans and blowers. The performance of fans and blowers may typically be improved with control systems once the proper type has been identified. For instance, variable frequency drives (VFD) can significantly lower the electricity usage of fans that run on a sporadic schedule.

How Do Fans And Blowers Differ From One Another?

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Written by HVAC Contributor

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