There are numerous distinctions between a commercial and a home HVAC system, but it all boils down to requirements. A domestic HVAC system does not have the same criteria as a business HVAC system. Both serve the same purpose: to provide fresh air and pleasant temperatures.
A hospital or school, on the other hand, will have drastically different heating, cooling, and ventilation than a home. Residential and commercial HVAC systems have six major differences.
HVAC Definitions: Residential and Commercial
Residential HVAC Systems: What Are They?
Furnaces, air conditioners, and heat pumps, as well as an air filtering system, make up a domestic HVAC system.
What Are Commercial Air Conditioning Systems?
Within a commercial environment, a commercial HVAC system delivers heating and cooling. Larger establishments, such as corporations, hospitals, and restaurants, use this approach. It has a variety of components that generate heat or cool air depending on the temperature specified for that commercial location and its requirements.
1. System Dimensions
The size of an HVAC system is determined by the number of cubic feet of space it must heat and cool. Because the locations they serve are normally larger, commercial HVAC units are typically larger. HVAC systems in commercial buildings will consume more electricity and energy to cover the full space. Heating and cooling costs will be affected if the HVAC unit is not properly sized for the space it has to serve.
2. Location of Air Conditioning Units
Residential HVAC systems are frequently installed in the backyards or on one of the home’s sides. The HVAC unit is usually installed on the roof of a commercial building. Commercial HVAC systems are typically installed on roofs due to their size and noise level.
3. The Systems’ Complicated Nature
Another significant distinction between a home and commercial HVAC system is the equipment’s complexity and many components. Residential HVAC units are standalone systems with fewer components due to their smaller size. A commercial HVAC system, on the other hand, is larger and must service a broader area, requiring additional components depending on the needs of the business.
Dampers and actuators are frequently used in industrial HVAC systems. Commercial HVAC systems require industrial HVAC damper actuators to guarantee adequate heating, cooling, and ventilation.
4. The Mechanism of Air Conditioning Units
Commercial HVAC systems are interconnected systems that provide heating, cooling, and ventilation to the entire structure or specific floors and sections inside that structure.
Radiant heaters and furnaces are the two types of heating mechanisms. The AC component uses pipes to distribute conditioned air throughout the structure. Cool water is produced by chillers and then delivered to air cooling coils within the pipes stated above.
5. Costs and Maintenance Requirements
HVAC systems are critical pieces of equipment for both residential and commercial establishments, and they require frequent inspection by a competent expert, preferably once a year. This can dramatically minimize the likelihood of costly HVAC system problems, reduce energy waste, and lower energy bills.
Because of the complexity of the HVAC system and its various components, industrial or commercial HVAC maintenance is extremely crucial. Property managers may extend the life of their HVAC systems and avoid costly repairs by performing annual maintenance.
6. Drainage Types Required
It is critical for an HVAC system, whether residential or commercial, to be located outside in order to assist drainage due to the moisture released by air conditioners. The water in the HVAC unit’s white PVC or copper pipes needs to go somewhere. Any HVAC system relies heavily on drainage.
Which is the best option for you?
A household HVAC unit is more than enough for private dwellings. Because commercial premises are often larger and have a larger surface area to service, a commercial or industrial HVAC system is recommended. Certain organizations, such as hospitals or schools, have different heating, cooling, and ventilation requirements than residential buildings and must therefore install a commercial HVAC system.