PTACS coolers are widely seen in offices, hospitals, and other public buildings. They occupy space beneath windows and are standalone air conditioning units with a heating feature. You’re in luck if you’re one of the people who uses a PTAC unit at home and you’ve been wondering if it can be recharged.
Yes, it is the answer. It needs to be recharged with more refrigerant if it isn’t efficiently cooling your room. The airflow inside the device can cool thanks to this refrigerant.
The PTAC unit’s refrigerant recharge process may now be your main concern. We’ll go over everything you need to do as you read on. We’ll also answer some additional queries you might have.
How To Add Refrigerant To A PTAC Unit
First, unplug the device from the outlet in the room and take it out of the window. Set the appliance on a towel that has been spread out to catch any potential water leaks.
Next, remove the screws from the rear panel of the equipment case using a screwdriver. Remove the back panel from the casing to gain access to the machine’s inside components. The compressor, a metal cylinder with two tubes coming out of it, can be found inside the appliance.
Additionally, secure your refrigerant can to the compressor’s service valve. The service valve, which is the larger of the two valves, is located at the hose end of the container.
Then, connect the other hose to the smaller valve on the compressor. The power conditioning unit should then be turned on and allowed to charge. The appliance will automatically fill with the necessary amount of refrigerant. When cold air begins to come from the device, it has finished charging.
Take out the refrigerant can last. Install the screws holding the metal shell to the unit’s back, then replace it in the window.
For PTAC Units, Which Refrigerant Should Be Used?
The typical refrigerant used by PTAC units is R-22, which has long been used as a refrigerant for cooling systems.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency, however, ruled that R-22 refrigerant manufacture had to end. It couldn’t even be purchased or sold unless it was made before 2010. It has been suggested that environmental factors like ozone depletion are to blame.
The R22 replacement is named R410A (also known as Puron). The PTAC manufacturers who continued in business included it into their current versions. Since the mixture doesn’t contain any chlorine, it is less harmful to the environment while retaining R22’s cooling capabilities.
Additionally, puron-powered devices are believed to be more dependable, pleasant, and cost-effective. Additionally, they offer better air quality. Sadly, it cannot be used in systems that previously employed R22, hence an update or replacement is required.
Can The PTAC Unit Be Set Up Without A Professional’s Help ?
Maybe you can handle it all on your own without any problems. However, by enlisting the help of knowledgeable professionals, you may end up saving time, hassle, and even money with regard to PTAC setup. It might lessen the likelihood that your house or the PTAC unit will sustain damage.
But if you feel comfortable doing it yourself, follow these instructions to install a PTAC unit:
Think About The Setting
The first aspect that needs to be taken into account is the location. Because every site has challenges, location is crucial. Possibly there won’t be any issues if it’s only a replacement. If the installation is being done for the first time, an appropriate place must be chosen to guarantee that the unit’s functionality is not hampered.
Installation Security Needs To Be Assured
A PTAC unit will function better and last longer with an anchored, sturdy installation. Wood studs that are substantial and sturdy should be used to frame the PTAC unit. Install a lintel over the PTAC unit to protect it from being overstressed by the weight of the wall or window.
Examine The Electrical Supply And Levels
Verify the cabling and outlet’s ability to resist the system’s required voltage. If you aren’t an expert yourself and need to manage the wiring safely and properly, don’t be afraid to call a professional electrician. Even if the additional cost is paid in advance, lowering the likelihood of fire hazards and other electrical issues will make it well worth it.
Weatherproof The PTAC Unit
The projecting portion of the PTAC unit will be exposed to the elements, so it is essential to make sure that the exterior components are completely sealed. The device’s casing will normally be properly airtight sealed with specialized caulking.
You can double-check the product instruction manual or maker guidelines to see if there is any further advice for weather sealing the appliance.
Make Sure Nothing Is Overlooked
When setting up a PTAC unit, it is usually essential to check that everything was done correctly.
- Make sure the PTAC unit is secure.
- Make sure it is entirely level.
- Make sure the equipment wasn’t harmed during setup.
- Verify that the vents aren’t being blocked by any frames, trim, draperies, furniture, or other objects. A PTAC unit’s efficiency will decrease due to airflow constraints.
Choosing The Perfect PTAC Unit
BTUs are units of heat that measure the increase in temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. BTUs are used to calculate the amount of heat that a PTAC system can remove from an area each hour. The size of the room must therefore be taken into account while making a choice.
To calculate the quantity of BTUs, you must obtain the temperature of a particular room just correct. The EER is calculated by dividing BTUs by the quantity of energy utilized (measured in watts). The system is more cost- and system-efficient the higher the number.
In the near future, a PTAC unit with a higher EER will probably be more expensive. The price gap is ultimately made up by less expensive technology saving money on electricity. Additionally, compared to products with a low EER, they are more environmentally friendly.
How Often Should A PTAC Unit Be Cleaned?
Self-contained units known as PTACs are mounted through the building’s outside wall using a wall sleeve of a standard size. Because they contain an evaporator coil, a condensing coil, and a compressor, they are essentially a complete climate control system in a box.
Similar to any other climate control system, PTACs require maintenance, including coil cleaning, to ensure efficiency. A complete cleaning should be performed at least once a year, or more frequently if necessary, according to all PTAC manufacturers. Cleaning needs to be done more frequently, up to four times per year, in places that are dusty or corrosive, such as those that are close to construction sites or salt water.
Drain channels, the base pan, the coils, and other essential PTACS components must all be thoroughly cleaned in addition to the PTAC’s filters.
A few of the instruments used to clean the PTAC coils are a fine-bristle brush, vacuum or blower, pump spray bottle, and pressure washers.
It is common practice to remove the unit from its wall sleeve and move it to a remote work location where cleaning is done.
Due to the time-consuming nature of this cleaning operation, the room cannot be utilized until the PTAC is installed once more. To avoid overspray on electrical components, extra care must be used while using hoses, steam cleaners, or pressure washers.
If your requirements for a temperature control solution include an economical yet effective appliance that can be fixed securely in a suitable location on an exterior wall, you should think about a PTAC. You can get year-round comfort for a cheap initial investment and minimal ongoing operating costs with a lot of air conditioning capability packed into a relatively tiny box, especially since it can be recharged.